minor scale guitar formula

Like the major scale, the minor scale can be constructed from scratch by applying the following formula, WHWWHWW (W = Whole tone and H = Half/Semi-tone). There is a method that’s used for understanding the fretboard called the CAGED system. Guitar Scales Chart: The Minor Blues Scale. Both scales include the same notes but their tonal center differ. The formula for a minor chord is 1 b3 5. The following charts compare the different scale formulas of the major scale modes that are used for keys and chord progressions. Super Locrian is often used in jazz over an Altered Dominant chord (b9, #9, b5, #5, #11, b13) Melodic Minor w h w, w w w h 1 w 2 h b3 w 4 w 5 w 6 1. A Natural Minor Scale Patterns. Your first note is indicated by the 1 shown on the first E string. The ‘b’ in this formula is a modification to the basic Major chord. In order to understand this scale, we need to understand the structure of the minor scale a little bit better. This scale has neither seven or five notes – Instead, it has six. By Desi Serna . These can be described as intervals, as semi-notes or steps on the guitar fingerboard, written as 2 - 1 - 2 - 2 - 1 - 2 - 2 from the first note to the next octave. For an example of a natural minor scale, let’s look at the E minor scale. Play the notes in the number order shown below. MINOR CHORDS. Playing minor scales on the guitar is simply a matter of following the pattern shown below. On the guitar a scale or chord formula is its pattern of steps and intervals. I will cover both melodic and harmonic minor scales in later lessons once you have the proper foundation knowledge. In this lesson we will only focus on the natural minor scale first. In another lesson, we looked at the pattern of steps that allows us to form the major scale from a possible twelve notes.We also experimented with shifting the order of this pattern, and came up with the minor scale. Constructing Major vs Minor Scales (Theory) Major Scale Formula. For example, a major triad is 1-3-5. Understanding the minor scale will allow will help you build other minor scales including the harmonic minor scale. Mode Formulas: How the “Church Modes” Are Made Major Scale Review. Once you feel comfortable understanding the formula for a Major Scale and the chord formula for a Major Chord, you can start looking at other types of chords such as minor chords. The minor scale also contains 7 notes (heptatonic) but differs in the fact that the 3rd, 6th and 7th steps are flattened by one semitone or fret on the guitar. So from D to E is a whole step because it skips D♯. For an in-depth lesson on the major scale, see Minor Scale Positions & Theory. A whole step is the distance from one key to a key two half steps higher or lower. This should be review, but a half step is the distance from one key to the very next. This formula can be applied to any note and by using the W H W W H W W formula, you can create a natural minor scale. The A Minor scale consists of seven notes. The A Minor is relative to C Major. E minor Guitar Scale The next step is to play the natural minor scale in the way that guitar players actually use them. Notes of C Minor Scale A natural minor scale is taken from the major scale of the same name, but with the third, sixth, and seventh degrees lowered one half step.. 2. So from D to D♯ is a half step. In classical music the Melodic minor scale is played going up and the natural minor scale is played going down. This guitar scale reference contains the notes, formula, structure, positions, chords, and modes for the C Minor scale. A major scale is 1-2-3-4-5-6-7. The last of our scales in today’s lesson, the minor blues scale is the rule-breaker of the bunch. 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