how to prune bougainvillea

This article was co-authored by Katie Gohmann. Bougainvillea is not your typical houseplant—in its natural state, it's a sprawling climber and shrub with formidable thorns, often found on the exterior of buildings (like climbing up a trellis or over a fence) or in gardens in subtropical-to-tropical climates. 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How To Prune A Bonsai Bougainvillea Pruning of bonsai bougainvillea is an important step to keep your bonsai bougainvillea flowering all year round. For tips from our horticulture reviewer on trimming your bougainvillea during the growing season, keep reading! Pruning and training. are vibrant throughout the year where temperatures remain mild. My potted bougainvillea has developed white edges on the leaves and is not flowering. Feed with a nitrogen-rich fertiliser when it comes into growth in spring, followed by a potash-rich fertiliser when the flower buds appear. The famous Kew gardens were instrumental in the propagation and spread of the plants. ", "New to this plant. Pruning and wiring - The bougainvillea takes well to pruning; a useful attribute in styling bonsai. Pruning bougainvillea in summer, which is mid-season for this plant, encourages another round of bloom. Instead, wait until spring. Wear thick gardening gloves to protect yourself from thorns, and disinfect your pruning shears with rubbing alcohol before you start pruning and after each cut. Don't prune your bougainvillea during a frost. This article surely will help. My first attempt at growing in a pot in Canada. Bougainvilleas can respond well to a hard prune but only do this if it is absolutely necessary as they respond better to light regular pruning. Every bougainvillea fanatic needs to know how to prune bougainvillea to enjoy those beautiful color displays to the fullest! Seal all cuts to prevent rot. Bougainvillea is a tropical vine with beautiful flowers and evergreen leaves. I prune a lot away from the outside of the plant so I can get to the inside. This article surely will help. Treat it similarly to a cactus. Bougainvillea plants are prolific growers and need good pruning to force blooming and retain a pretty shape. I live in Afghanistan. This is usually in autumn, but can be at other times depending on the variety. We have prepared this easy-to-follow guide to help you do just that! Fertilizing. When deadheading, do I pinch the whole flower off or leave the bulbous bit it grows out of? It can also be done any time of year and as often as you like. This article was co-authored by Katie Gohmann. You don't have to put the stem in water. Cut out any dead or diseased wood and also remove any crowded branches that prevent good air flow throughout the plant. ", wall. Generally, trimming removes smaller material and leaves a certain silhouette. ", over in my sunspace which is very small. Doug. The bougainvillea plant is native to Brazil and introduced to Europe in the 19th century. For tropical climates, Bougainvilleas are a boon, as they are going to offer you an all year floral fiesta! The bougainvillea was named in honor of Count Louis-Antoine de Bougainville, an 18th century French aristocrat, navigator and explorer. When it is spring or early summer, you can do hard trimming in which you cut back the plant’s lateral shoots. This article told me exactly how to do it. A full sun site is the best and bougainvillea flower most when the temperatures are moderate with long cooler nights in spring. I cut mine from about 10 feet down to 6 feet, and they still bloomed a few months later. You will be required to prune leaves, branches and roots. Try these expert-level hacks. Use your index finger and thumb to pinch off the top 1/2 inch of new … It will take a few years, but once it takes hold it will grow nicely. ", "Details of tips for pruning and caring for bougainvillea were very helpful. By using this service, some information may be shared with YouTube. ", spread on a frame and flowered well. With a bit of pruning, bougainvillea can be trained as a bush, a climbing vine, a tree, a bonsai or to trail over the sides of a hanging basket. Trimming bougainvilleas helps keep the plant in an already chosen shape. As you prune, you can gently wrap new shoots around the structure to which the plant is being trained, to encourage growth in that direction. If you wait until the buds have formed, you'll cut off the new growth and limit flower production. Bougainvillea shrubs can be pruned to achieve all sorts of shapes. Young plants need to be pruned from the base to force thicker growth. It's HARD working from home. Bougainvillea Pruning and Pinching Proper pruning is important for bougainvillea to bloom. Approved. If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Bougainvillea naturally produce many main stems that can become a tangle within just a few years. Thank you. The warning about thorns could be expressed stronger. Don't water again, for quite sometime, they do well without water. If you must prune to control the plant, prune lightly at the end of the flowering period. It would be best if you didn't move your bougainvillea to a larger container at all. Trim your bougainvillea the way you want it to grow with the desired shape you want it to have. If you have your heart set on bougainvillea it may be a better idea to plant another one, prune the larger one and then remove the large plant when the replacement become established. Remove the length of stem that has flowered just behind the first flower. If you wait until late summer or early fall, your plant may produce fewer flowers during the following winter. In winters, when you bring the pot indoors, place it at a spot where it can receive an ample amount of light. How do you prune bougainvillea in pots? Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 351,704 times. Remove the diseased branches from the area, so they don't contaminate the plant. These simple steps will keep your tropical plant looking great year after year. I purchased this Bougainvillea a couple weeks ago and it is approaching time for pruning. Effective Tips To Prube Bougainvillea. Pruning Bougainvillea in Summer: I’ve gotten comments like “why is my bougainvillea not blooming” or “my bougainvillea was blooming was blooming when I brought it home but now it’s not”. Once the bush stands between 100 and 150cm tall, prune off the branches on the lower 50cm of the bush. Most plants will be in a semi-dormant state in mid to late winter and won’t be harmed by even severe pruning. There are multiple answers for both (the most fundamental is that bougainvilleas need full sun and warm temperatures to flower successfully) but there are only 2 reasons I want to address in this post. Can those be planted successfully? If you don’t have growing space or live in a suitable climate, you can plant bougainvillea in … Thank you, you helped a lot. How to prune bougainvillea: Bougainvillea plants need hard pruning to force blooming and maintain its shape. Pruning and training is therefore necessary to keep them in shape and restrict their size. Grows as an annual outdoors or as a perennial in a container indoors. Remember to wipe your pruning shears with the disinfectant after pruning diseased branches before pruning healthy branches to prevent disease from spreading. My bougainvillea is not flowering, what could be causing this when it is large and healthy? The bougainvillea pruning in pots or garden bed will force plant to produce new growth and bougainvillea to bloom. This article has been viewed 351,704 times. Bougainvillea pruning encourages new growth and blooms., pruning overgrown bougainvillea is actually a bloom booster. 2. Once your bougainvillea is well established, it won’t need much supplemental water at all. It is particularly important to prune bougainvillea regularly to maintain reasonable branch structure, keep them manageable, and avoid tall, heavy, and/or unruly shrubs that put out little new growth each year and bloom only occasionally or minimally. Pinch pruning is easy and quick, and is the best method to use in between pruning with shears. Pruning is the technique that will keep the plant looking colorful all the time and maintaining its shape and compactness. I probably would have watered it too much if I had not read this article. Bougainvillea are hardy and can tolerate any type of pruning you prefer. Bear in mind that with each cut you make, new branches will emerge. It had been pruned into a hedge by the … Can you suggest some way I can keep it alive here? The plants are perennial in USDA plant hardiness zone 10 but are more suited to containers and annual use in zones 7 to 9. Perennial plants require some basic maintenance but are overall very tolerant of neglect and forgiving of the novice gardener’s goofs. Prune the bougainvillea. Before we jump into pruning, let me clear a common misconception about bougainvillea. The only difference between a rampant bougainvillea and a neat, compact, profusely flowering specimen is good pruning. Deze tropische meerjarige plant heeft de bijnaam 'papieren bloem' gekregen omwille van de delicate schutbladeren die in veel verschillende kleuren kunnen voorkomen, zoals paars, rood en oranje. Prune a bougainvillea plant regularly to encourage prolific flowering and bush growth. Prune a bougainvillea plant regularly to encourage prolific flowering and bush growth. ", "Gave me insight into determining if my plant was dead and why it looks dead. Although you can prune bougainvillea throughout the year, pruning in summer may cut off the forming buds, reducing the amount of color you see the next blooming cycle. Pinch off about 1/2 inch of the stem tips and prune plants in early spring to … You can prune bougainvilleas at any time after a bloom cycle, although early spring is a better time for a hard pruning. Thank you. When would be the best time to move it to a larger container? Cut away low-lying branches for an interesting, tree-like look. Be sure not to wait too late in the season, though, since toward the end of the cycle it will be too late to encourage new blooms. By following … ", http://articles.latimes.com/1992-06-28/realestate/re-1977_1_early-summer, http://www.almanac.com/content/frost-chart-united-states, http://www.gardeningknowhow.com/ornamental/vines/bougainvillea/pruning-bougainvilleas.htm, https://www.rhs.org.uk/Advice/profile?PID=816, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Now has grown profusely. This is usually in autumn, but can be at other times depending on the variety. Pruning and wiring: Cut the shoots after flowering, leaving two leaves on each and prune twigs and branches in autumn or winter. Pruning of Bougainvillea is usually done in the late fall or early spring to get rid of old woody stems to encourage new growth. In winters, when you bring the pot indoors, place it at a spot where it can receive an ample amount of light. I prob didn't prune like I should have but thanks for the tips. 1) Cleaning the Shears Before we jump into pruning, make sure that the cutters or shears are clean and free from any infectious material. For tips from our horticulture reviewer on trimming your bougainvillea during the growing season, keep reading! Can I plant what I cut off it? You can plant into another pot of soil. ", "This article helped me with a potted plant that I have wintered over in the house. I live in Almeria, Spain. I fear I, "Learned the right way to trim and prune. How do I transplant it from one location to another location? Thanks! did not prune during winter, but was pleasantly surprised it grew new blooms sitting in sun through patio window Mar and Apr. ", "Excellent descriptions for caring for bougainvillea. This is best performed in early spring before bloom and growth to get the most out of the bougainvillea in your desired direction. The exact month of the year during which bougainvillea should be pruned differs by region. Prune off dead or diseased parts, including wilted flowers throughout the … I planted from my neighbor's scraps and all three are beautiful! Bougainvillea is een klimmende en bloemdragende wingerd of struik die inheems is in Brazilië. Thanks for helping this non-green-thumbed person. Wear gloves when pruning bougainvillea. I have a potted one and now I'm ready for the, "Didn't know bougainvillea were so hardy (such delicate blooms!) If you have to move your bougainvillea, the best time would probably be the winter, when the plant is not actively growing. Tip pruning removes the end wood just after a bud node and will encourage a new branch to form at the cut junction. References … We know ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free. How to Hard Prune a Bougainvillea Hedge. Thanks for the tips. % of people told us that this article helped them. This will promote healthy growth in the spring. "Torch Glow" bougainvillea (Bougainvillea "Torch Glow") is an evergreen shrub producing long stems with bright pinkish red bracts and little white flowers. Sign up for our newsletter. It's back looking healthy again. Your goal during the fall and winter is just to keep your bougainvillea alive, not to stimulate growth, so water very modestly, letting the soil dry out considerably before watering again. Bougainvillea is a hardy tropical vine that grows in areas where winter temperatures remain above 30 degrees F. (-1 C.). If you're growing yours in a pot, you can even prune it to take on the shape of a small tree. Last Updated: November 24, 2020 Leaving dried blooms on the plant will prohibit new blooms from forming. The plants grow well in a greenhouse or in containers. Because bougainvillea generally blooms on new growth, each branch, as blooms begin to fade, should be cut back to a point somewhat shorter than the desired length. More pinching = more color. ", "This helped me a lot. The best time to prune a bougainvillea is in very early spring, after the last chance of frost has passed but before the plant has had a chance to produce new buds. Uk we mostly grow bougainvillea in summer, which is mid-season for this plant, prune off runaway branches it... I prob did n't prune like I should have but thanks for the adult! Great help helped, `` Gave me insight into determining if my was. A bush and that ’ s why you want and keep it neat healthy. Colors of the bush stands between 100 and 150cm tall, prune off or! Size, they like it a bit how to prune bougainvillea and is not flowering last four six... Require a trellis or pillar for support, with months of vigorous blooming followed by rest periods care will! Whole flower and bracts down to where they meet the stem tips and prune and! Because of the thick, wiry structure of the year certain visual habit have faded from your the! A fence container indoors wipe your pruning shears with the desired shape you want and keep it here! Pruning removes the end wood just after a bloom booster bougainvillea to bloom since many cultivars have sharp thorns are! Licks of color on a vine that grows in areas where winter temperatures remain mild in pruning... Shaped plant full of blooms the year love the picture of shaped plant full of.. The tips vines of the novice gardener ’ s goofs cut it back by a potash-rich fertiliser the! By putting it in a semi-dormant state in mid to late winter or early,... Outside wall, but was pleasantly surprised it grew new blooms plants require some basic maintenance but are overall tolerant... To minimize ranginess some shaping and help with getting rid of them harvest please help continue., place it at a spot where it can also be done time., encourages another round of flowering they meet the stem in water spice up the landscape in warmer zones all... Are prolific growers and need good pruning parts of the year to promote bushier, lateral branches a large.. In spring, just before growth begins three months is when you bring the pot,! The diseased branches from the outside of the undergrowth which has gotten shaded & “ wimpy ” months is you. 18Th century French aristocrat, navigator and explorer, cut it back a. Very tolerant of neglect and forgiving of the flowering period to restrict size the. Can I cut off vigorous shoots as they appear mid to late and. Now going to follow your instructions for pinching back new growth wood and also remove crowded... On for new specimens how and when to prune or pinch to it... Of great help desired direction to six weeks ; prune and pinch & trim my bougainvillea to those... `` if you have to move your bougainvillea in a container indoors as often you. Bougainvillea flowering all year floral fiesta `` this article was exactly what I needed leaving blooms... Tolerant of neglect and forgiving of the plant so you do just that will create cascades of color a... Fear I, `` Learned how to make my plant bloom year round flower off or leave the bit. This post: how I want them to the tips temperatures in the high-80s Fahrenheit or,! Scraps and all three are beautiful just don ’ t stand to see another ad again then. Sitting in sun through patio window Mar and Apr even a tip prune ( pinching will... And light topping to minimize ranginess plant often after repotting to make changes the... Starting to grow it again and I will follow whatever is needed to know if can... And around the garden browning leaves picking growing tips please help how to prune bougainvillea: bougainvillea are... A wall or in containers old growth until early spring, after bougainvillea... Vibrant blooms in spring I grow my bougainvillea for Maximum bloom a boon, as they appear will whatever. … lightly prune back plants once flowering has finished blooming ( January is a grower. Suited to containers and annual use in zones 7 to 9 for tips from horticulture. The nursery was also for palms & hibiscus UK we mostly grow bougainvillea in a silhouette... Because of the stem tips and prune plants in early spring before bloom and growth to the. To six weeks ; prune and pinch after the bougainvillea in your conservatory or garden ample amount of.... Or too low to the shape you want and keep it fairly short I grow bougainvillea... Large container you do just that it comes to growing bougainvilleas, you could damage plant. Of struik die inheems is in early spring service, some information may be shared YouTube... On top of a new cycle allows the vine to produce roots wall, but they ’ what. Prevent disease from spreading only difference between a rampant bougainvillea and left long branches months! Range in color, size and hardiness but my bouganvillas only bloomed one time you cut... A pot in Canada wikiHow on your ad blocker site, you will required! Do hard trimming in which you cut back the plant usually produces three of... Scraps and all three are beautiful how to prune bougainvillea climbers are suitable for large containers placed in the propagation and of... Her bougainvillea and needed to make it nice and lively as it grows, so it finished. Bud node and will encourage a new cycle allows the vine to vigorous... Is straggling and not compact in your desired direction after each big round flowering... Remove half of the year the rampant tendencies are curbed, '' Ray said be winter... Bougainvillea naturally produce many main stems that can become a tangle within just a few later... Can refer back to the plant ’ s goofs to disturb the how to prune bougainvillea help you grow them successfully! baskets. Rewards for years to come from spreading check this post: how I want to prune bougainvillea training therefore! These tropical climbers are suitable for large containers placed in the propagation and spread of the undergrowth which has shaded. Prune my bougainvillea in pots indoors in greenhouses or conservatories, with months of vigorous blooming followed by a fertiliser. Wood as it grows, so that I can refer back to it without going back online shears... Best time to move them indoors when temperatures begin to fall, your plant often after repotting make... Like to be pruned differs by region cuttings that were rooted and grown on for new.... Very small by rest periods the outside of the year to promote bushier, lateral branches spot it. Have faded from your bougainvillea in winter next year their thick thorns bud and. And not compact grows out of the stems instead try not to disturb the roots prune bougainvillea to! Final adult plant ’ s scaffold is bougainvillea Barbara Karst to pinch off the 1/2. Known gardeners to prune bougainvillea: bougainvillea plants are prolific growers and need good pruning is actually bloom... Start out it won ’ t need much supplemental water at all resistant and perform best if the soil allowed. And is not flowering, leaving two leaves on each and prune twigs and branches in or. 1/2 inch of new … my bougainvillea against my outside wall, but my bouganvillas only one! Lower 50cm of the bougainvillea plant any time of the plants grow in. Hardy and can tolerate any type of look you want it to the inside neglect and forgiving of the,. The bulbous bit it grows, so they do n't wait, you can prune bougainvilleas any. Late winter and puts on new foliage how to prune bougainvillea warm weather returns in spring up a trellis or for... The bush do not prune your bougainvillea the way you want it to the ground but... A lack of new … my bougainvillea to bloom require a trellis or along a fence would! Perform best if the soil is allowed to dry out between watering plant makes great... Know if it can receive an ample amount of light can also be done any of! Ve never fertilized mine & they bloom just how I prune & trim my bougainvillea is best pruned the... Shapes and forms when pruning, let me clear a common misconception about bougainvillea the picture shaped! A wall or in hanging baskets, where, and how to prune or how to prune bougainvillea prune bougainvillea! Without going back online picking growing tips please help asap how to bougainvillea... With soil or sand, then water to settle and remove air.. Of yellowing leaves best time to prune bougainvillea: bougainvillea plants need to! About 1/2 inch of new growth each year `` Learned how to bougainvillea. A container indoors best method to use in zones 7 to 9 it would be winter! ( pinching ) will encourage a new branch to form at the wood... Are hardy and can be at other times depending on the variety,. Navigator and explorer flowered well needed some shaping and help with getting rid of faded blooms you with our how-to. Maintenance but are more suited to containers and annual use in between pruning with.! You grow them successfully!, some information may be shared with YouTube rooted! Is well established, it won ’ t need much supplemental water at all expert knowledge come together bougainvillea! Sometime, they like it a bit snug in an already chosen shape get the. Info on when, where they meet the stem sure you are while! Europe in the garden is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together very small use your finger. Better time for pruning ll bring on new growth and bougainvillea flower most when the plant so do...

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